Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (Russian: Дми́трий Ива́нович Менделе́ев), the notable Russian inventor and the creator of the Periodic Table, was born 179 years ago (on 8th February 1834). Mendeleev was born in the village of Verkhnie Aremzyani, near Tobolsk in Siberia, to Ivan Pavlovich Mendeleev and Maria Dmitrievna Mendeleev (née Kornilieva).
Mendeleev is very well-known for his creation of the first version of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements. Mendeleev used his Periodic Table to predict the properties of elements yet to be discovered. It is truly surprising and remarkable that Mendeleev, despite very limited knowledge of elements in 1860’s, could make amazingly accurate predictions of the elements such as Germanium, Gallium and Scandium (which he called ekasilicon, ekaaluminium and ekaboron respectively), many years before their physical discoveries.
I find it absolutely fascinating that Mendeleev used the prefixes of eka, dvi, and tri (from Sanskrit, the ancient Indian language), while naming his predictions of eight new elements. It is claimed that Mendeleev decided to use Sanskrit names for his missing elements to show his appreciation and respect towards the Sanskrit grammarians of ancient India, such as Panini, who had created sophisticated theories of language based on the discovery of the two-dimensional patterns in basic sounds.
Besides the creation of the Periodic Table, Mendeleev is also credited for introducing the Metric System in Russian Empire.
After Mendeleev, a new synthetic element was named Mendelevium, with the symbol Md and the atomic number 101. It is a metallic radioactive transuranic element in the actinide series, usually synthesized by bombarding Einsteinium with alpha particles.
Also a large lunar impact crater, located on the far side of the Moon, is named Mendeleev in honor of the greatest contributions made by this genius scientist.
We respectfully wish a Happy 179th Birthday to Mr. Mendeleev, the great Russian Scientist and brilliant Inventor.
С Днем Рождения, Дми́трий Ива́нович Менделе́ев!
Happy Birthday, Mr. Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev!
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