US Patent on Wireless Communication Granted to Hedy Lamarr, 71 Years Ago; August 11, 1942.

On August 11, 1942, exactly seventy-one years ago, US Patent 2,292,387 on wireless communication was granted to a brilliant inventor, and also Hollywood’s most beautiful legendary actress, Hedy Lamarr.

Today, on 71st anniversary of the Wireless Communication Patent grant, we respectfully salute Hedy Lamarr, for her visionary invention that has truly laid the solid foundation of today’s wireless communication – based on the same concept of frequency-hopping and/or spread-spectrum communication. In my view, Hedy Lamarr is one of the unique combinations of beauty and brain in the world of Science.

In this post, I have provided the images of Hedy Lamarr’s original drawings and patent, along with some of the interesting & insightful quotes by Hedy Lamarr, which Readers & Followers may find interesting.

Enjoy!

-Deo

Massachusetts, Sunday Morning, August 11, 2013.

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Hedy Lamarr (1913 - 2000). Beautiful Hollywood Actress & Brilliant Inventor of Wireless Communication.

Hedy Lamarr (1913 – 2000). Most Beautiful Hollywood Actress & Brilliant Inventor of Wireless Communication.

Pin-up photo of Hedy Lamarr for the Nov. 12, 1...

Pin-up photo of Hedy Lamarr for the Nov. 12, 1943 issue of Yank, the Army Weekly, a weekly U.S. Army magazine fully staffed by enlisted men. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

wirelesswireless2wireless3Hedy Lamarr was Austrian-born American actress, brilliant physicist and talented mathematician. She was very well-known for her stunningly exceptional beauty, and was often considered “the most beautiful woman in the world” – with “strikingly dark exotic looks” as described during 1940’s by Max Reinhardt, famous Austrian-American Film and Stage Director, who had taught acting to Hedy in Berlin.

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

 Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pin-up photo of Hedy Lamarr for the May 7, 194...

Hedy Lamarr - The Most Beautiful Inventor.

Hedy Lamarr – The Most Beautiful Inventor.

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Hedy Lamarr was born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler in Vienna, Austria, as the only child in a wealthy Austrian family, nearly 100 years ago. Hedy Kiesler was mathematically inclined since childhood, and spent almost every evening studying and working on her inventions after her daily routine as Hedy Lamarr, an actress from Hollywood. Hedy’s life story was surely stranger than any fiction or the stories used in Hollywood movies. Nonetheless, what amazes many scientists, even today, is the fact that Hedy was well ahead in time in regards to her invention of secret wireless communication (US Patent # 2,292,387, granted on August 11, 1942).

With her strong dislike towards Hitler and World War II, Hedy presented her invention, disclosing the novel concept of frequency-hopping secret wireless communication, to the U.S. Navy. Her intended application was to make radio-guided torpedoes that Germans will not be able to either detect or jam, thus bringing the war to an end with victory to USA. However, U.S. Navy treated Hedy’s invention with negativity and skepticism, and did not use it at all during World War II. Hedy was surely ahead in time, at that time; because exactly twenty years later (and three years after the expiry of US Patent), Hedy’s invention was used successfully by U.S. military ships during the blockade of Cuba in 1962. Since the turn of 20th century till to date, Hedy’s frequency-hopping wireless communication invention has become the solid foundation for latest spread-spectrum communication technology, which is implemented in cell phones, cordless phones, Bluetooth, COFDM, Wi-Fi, and GPS communications.

Hedy Lamarr. Beautiful Actress, and Inventor of Wi-Fi Communication.

Hedy Lamarr. Beautiful Actress, and Visionary Inventor.

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Lady of the Tropics (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Her Highness and the Bellboy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Now few words about Hedy Lamarr’s inventive concept and its reducing to practice as demonstrated in her patent: The concept of Radio Control was not at all novel even then, although Hedy’s frequency-hopping strategy was. Hedy’s co-inventor, for her invention on wireless communication using frequency-hopping, was George Antheil, American music composer and Hedy’s neighbor in Hollywood. Hedy Lamarr’s novel inventive concept was complemented by Antheil’s innovative contribution leading to the device that could effectively achieve the synchronization in radio control by frequency-hopping. Lamarr and Antheil proposed that rapid changes in radio frequencies could be coördinated the way Antheil had previously coördinated the sixteen synchronized player pianos in his Ballet Méanique. Their original invention used slotted paper rolls similar to player-piano rolls to synchronize the frequency changes in transmitter and receiver, and it even called for exactly eighty-eight frequencies, the number of keys on a piano. The schematic above, as presented by Hedy Lamarr and George Antheil in the US patent, shows the synchronization device and in sync coordination of frequency-hopping. Any scientist or inventor should find this invention totally fascinating, for it involves the creativity and meeting of minds of two experts – from distant and distinct disciplines. An awesome meeting of great minds indeed!

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Hedy Lamarr

English: Hedy Lamarr (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Publicity photo of Hedy Lamarr for Argentinean...

Publicity photo of Hedy Lamarr for Argentinean Magazine. (Printed in USA) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Hedy Lamarr from the film The Conspirators (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hedy Lamarr. Unique Combination of Beauty and Brain.

Hedy Lamarr. Wireless Goddess With Beauty & Brains.

Hedy Lamarr and George Antheil, after being neglected by the U.S. Navy, did not pursue their invention further. However in 1957, the concept was picked up by engineers at the Sylvania Electronic Systems Division, New York. Their prototype involved electronics and not piano rolls, and ultimately became the basic tool for secured military communications, and was installed on ships sent to blockade Cuba in 1962. Subsequent patents in frequency changing and modern spread-spectrum communication technology based devices, always reference to the Lamarr-Antheil patent (US # 2,292,387) as the basis of their new inventions – even today. Hence Hedy Lamarr is considered as the “Wireless Goddess”, because of her significant pioneering research and invention contribution in the field of wireless communication.

Cropped screenshot of John Hodiak and Hedy Lam...

John Hodiak and Hedy Lamarr from the film A Lady Without Passport (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr and Robert W...

Hedy Lamarr and Robert Walker from the film Her Highness and the Bellboy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Come Live with Me (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hedy Lamarr. Most Beautiful Hollywood Actress, and Inventor of Wireless Communication.

Hedy Lamarr. Beautiful Inventor of Wireless Communication.

Here is one interesting video link (from CBS) that describes Hedy Lamarr’s invention and the significant role it plays in modern wireless world.

Publicity photo of Hedy Lamarr for Argentinean...

Publicity photo of Hedy Lamarr for Argentinean Magazine. (Printed in USA) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hedy Lamarr was surely the most beautiful woman in the world by day, and the genius inventor by night. Hedy was the Wireless Goddess on Earth – with unique and amazing combination of Beauty & Brains. May God rest her soul in peace.

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Lady of the Tropics (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Hedy Lamarr from the film Dishonored Lady. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hedy Lamarr Laughs, 1939

Hedy Lamarr’s beautiful smile and cheerful laugh, 1939 (Photo credit: thefoxling)

Publicity photo of Hedy Lamarr for Argentinean...

Publicity photo of Hedy Lamarr for Argentinean Magazine. (Printed in USA) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Dear Readers & Followers:

 I am pleased to share some of the Greatest Insightful Quotes by Hedy Lamarr,.

Enjoy!

-Deo

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“I’ve been an important star and lived a full life, yet I only have three close friends. I guess that’s all anyone can expect”
“I have not been that wise. Health I took for granted. Love I have demanded, perhaps too much and too often. As for money, I have only realised it’s true worth when I didn’t have it”
“My mother always called me an ugly weed, so I never was aware of anything until I was older. Plain girls should have someone telling them they are beautiful. Sometimes this works miracles”

“To be a star is to own the world and all the people in it. After a taste of stardom, everything else is poverty”
“Any girl can be glamorous. All you have to do is stand still and look stupid”
“I enjoy countless hundreds pursuing me. I love those who love me the most. I am sort of flattered by men showing attention to me”
“I was in constant demand, in my professional life and personal life”
“The ladder of success in Hollywood is usually a press agent, actor, director, producer, leading man; you’re a star if you sleep with each of them in that order. Crude but true”
“If I were to name my favourite pastime, I’d have to say talking about myself. I love it and I think most other people do too. We need, people like us, more listeners and less talkers”
“I’ve met the most interesting people while flying or on a boat. These methods of travel seem to attract the kind of people I want to be with”
“Jack Kennedy always said to me, Hedy, get involved. That’s the secret of life. Try everything, join everything, meet everybody”
“I think women are concerned too much with their clothes. Men don’t really care that much about women’s clothes. If they like a girl, chances are they’ll like her clothes”
“I’d rather wear jewels in my hair than anywhere else. The face should have the advantage of this brilliance”
“All my six husbands married me for different reasons”
“Perhaps my problem in marriage – and it is the problem of many women – was to want both intimacy and independence. It is a difficult line to walk, yet both are important in a marriage”
“I don’t feel any gnawing guilt over contributing to any unhappiness suffered by my husbands. They were as much to blame as I was”
“Some men like a dull life – they like the routine of eating breakfast, going to work, coming home, petting the dog, watching TV, kissing the kids and going to bed – stay clear of it, it’s often catching”
With William Powell
“I am a sworn enemy of convention. I despise the conventional in anything, even the arts”
With Charles Boyer
“A good painting to me has always been like a friend. It keeps me company, comforts and inspires”
With Clark Gable
“I know why most people never get rich. They put the money ahead of the job. If you just think of the job, the money will automatically follow. This never fails”
“I advise everybody not to save; spend your money. Most people save all their lives and leave it to somebody else. Money is to be enjoyed”
“I figured out that I had spent thirty million dollars. Yet earlier that day I had been unable to pay for a sandwich”

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the fil...

Cropped screenshot of Hedy Lamarr from the tra...

hedy-lamarr_2

Hedy Lamarr (1913 - 2000). Most Beautiful Hollywood Actress, Dedicated Mother, and Brilliant Inventor of Wireless Communication.

dshenai.wordpress.com © 2013

About Deodatta Shenai-Khatkhate

Scientist by profession, with education from various Universities in India, England, Scotland, and U.S.A. Interests include Literature, Music, Photography, Social service, and understanding different cultures.
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3 Responses to US Patent on Wireless Communication Granted to Hedy Lamarr, 71 Years Ago; August 11, 1942.

  1. cindy knoke says:

    I read her biography. A fascinating, intelligent and gorgeous woman. She was quite clever in munitions design. Who knew? ?Take c? Take

    Like

    • Thanks Cindy, for your response. Indeed, Hedy Lamar was a brilliant scientist as much as talented beautiful actress. In my view, it’s paradoxical that her extraordinary beauty often misled society to underestimate her equally outstanding intelligence. Best Regards…

      Like

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